Colostrum deprivation causes serious losses in growth performance later in a pig's life through disease susceptibility and poor growth rates. The producer must ensure adequate colostrum intake.
Adequate colostrum intake can be assured by providing adequate environment, assisting in farrowing, cross-fostering, and timely sow vaccination.
Minimum: 40ml within first 5-7 hrs of life
Nutrition: 250 grms within the first 24 hrs of life
Duration of Protection: 3 weeks
Causes of Colostrum Deprivation
- Exposure of sow to important pathogens was limited.
- Gilts produce less colostrum. (Lower parity)
- Gilts have lower antibody concentrations in colostrum.
- May leak colostrum prior to farrowing
- Poor mothering ability limits suckling
- Poor udder/teat conformation
- Large litters increase competition for available colostrum
- Ill health due to malnutrition or disease linits production
- Weak, chilled pigs unwilling to suckle
- Poor farrowing crate design limits access
Copyright ©1997 by the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
Faculty: Dr. Paul Pitcher
Student: Sandra Springer,'99