Welcome to the Reference Desk!

Before you jump ahead to the reference ranges:

1. Reference ranges are usually lab specific.  Your lab (or in-house machine) should provide a set of specific reference ranges. If they do not, you should try to develop your own ranges for the lab or machine. Using reference ranges from another lab may lead to inappropriate conclusions being drawn from your lab results!

2. Unlike most of the lab values for dogs and cats, when you are working with less characterized species, there are many instances where the "normal" ranges are really not known. Therefore, we must extrapolate from data from other species. 
3.  Most of these reference ranges are for a large GROUP of animal species, rather than a specific species.  Obviously, there could be significant differences in blood chemistry or hematology between a komodo dragon and a day gecko and a budgerigar and a hyacinth macaw! Age and gender can also influence your results.

Click the birdie to see the reference ranges Click the books for a list of other resources
Cases Reference Desk Sample Collection 


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Faculty Advisor: Dr. Karen Rosenthal
Web designer: Cailin Heinze V'04
Photographs copyright Matt Johnston, Karen Rosenthal, and Cailin Heinze
Comments: cayraa@yahoo.com
Last updated : 5/31/03