A local dairy farmer has just acquired some livestock from Louisiana and is concerned that they may have liver flukes (the trematode Fasciola hepatica). What fecal examination method will give you the best chance of finding the eggs of this parasite? (3 pts.)
A 3-week-old puppy has watery diarrhea. Given its age and clinical signs you suspect a Giardia infection. What fecal examination method will give you the best chance of detecting this parasite? (3 pts.)
Zinc Sulfate Flotation (2 points given for direct smear)
A 4-year-old dog has a chronic cough and you have included the nematodes that live in the lungs on your list of possible causes. What fecal examination method(s) will give you enough information to rule out (or in) the presence of these "lungworms"? (3 pts.)
The fecal sample in the device at your place came from a 4-year-old male Rottweiler as part of his yearly check-up. Examine the sample and identify the eggs of the parasite (give Genus and species). (7 pts.)
These eggs may be confused with the eggs of Capillaria spp. (1 pt). They may be
distinguished because Trichuris spp. have a smooth, lemon-shaped egg with symmetrically placed plugs, while Capillaria spp. have a rough shell with parallel sides and asymmetric plugs. (2 pts.)
The sample of meat in the dish at your place is beef hamburger that is thought to have
been contaminated with pork. Is it likely that the hamburger has pork in it (yes, no,
can't tell)? (4 pts.)
A saturated salt flotation was done on a fecal sample from a 4 month old Puppy which has been brought to you for its first check-up. The results of this test are shown under the microscope at Station #4. Identify the parasite egg (give Genus and species). (7 pts.)
A similar egg is Toxascaris leonina (1 pt.). T. canis has a
rough shell, and the center mass takes up most of the egg, which is round. T.
leonina, in contrast, has a smooth shell, is oval, and there is more space around
the central mass (2pts.).
A 6-year-old male mix breed dog was brought in to your practice with the complaint that it had chronic vomiting. The results of a saturated salt flotation fecal examination is shown under the microscope at Station #5. Identify the egg (give Genus and species). (6 pts.)
One would find a mass around the esophagus, and the body of nearby vertabrae would be
increased in size (2 pts.). Radiology would be used to best detect these changes (1 pt.).
The egg seen under the microscope at Station #6 was recovered from the feces of a 1 month old foal which has diarrhea. Many of these eggs are present on the slide. Identify the parasite (give Genus and species). (6 pts.)
One would expect to see a strongyle -type egg -- clear shelled, oval egg with embryo in
the 8 to 32 cell stage.
A number of adult nematodes, each about 1.5 cm long, were recovered from the large intestine of a horse which died suddenly. The anterior end of the worm is shown on the kodachromes at Station #9. Identify the parasite (give Genus and species). (6 pts.)
The dish under the microscope at Station #10 contains a skin biopsy in saline. The biopsy was taken from the ventral midline of a horse with itching dermatitis in this area. Identify the parasite (give Genus only). (6 pts.)