Blepharitis Conjunctivitis Episcleritis Keratitis Hyphema Iris Hemorrhage Corneal Hemorrhage Subconjunctival Hemorrhage Cherry Eye Uveitis Glaucoma Intraocular Neoplasia

Cherry Eye is the prolapse of the normal gland of the third eyelid. It is most often seen in young dogs* but occasionally can be seen in the cat, especially Burmese, Persian and DSH cats.

The exact pathogenesis is not known but it is presumed that the connective tissue that holds the gland deep in the orbit has released allowing the gland to move into an abnormal position. Often times when the gland has prolapsed it is exposed to a degree that the gland can not be covered by the normal closure of the eyelids and there can be and secondary conjunctivitis that develops.

Some times the animals will initially rub at the eye, perhaps because they can see a portion of the prolapsed gland but later when it is inflamed the gland may then be irritating. The Gland of the Third Eyelid produces about 30% of the reflex tear and therefore is an important gland. The breeds that are predisposed to the prolapse are the breeds that are predisposed to KCS as well. Therefore, preservation of the gland is essential.

To date there are several surgical techniques described to reposition the gland that are effective. Since these techniques are available, the gland should not be excised.

*American Cocker Spaniel, Lhasa Apso, Pekingese, Beagles, English Bulldogs & Others

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