A.R.Twardock, D.V.M.           University of Illinois, Nuclear Medicine

Michael W. Ross, D.V.M.        University of Pennsylvania, Nuclear Medicine

Greg Daniel, D.V.M.                University of Tennessee, Radiology

Kent Allen, D.V.M.                  Private Practice, VA Equine Imaging


Vivian Stacy CNMT and Karyn Van Norman B.A.

Friday-Day 1

7:30am        Pick up at the Hilton Garden Suites for those who need transportation.

7:30-8:00     Coffee and Donuts, (Woerner Amphitheater).

8:00             Welcome and Introductions

8:10       I.  Overview/Introduction: Brief description of how an image is produced;             framework for future discussion.  (Twardock)

8:15       II.  Basic radiation, radioisotope, and detector physics (not in depth, but for basic understanding) (Twardock)

·        Radioisotopes: Definition; curie, Bq; T1/2; generator systems (parent-daughter decay)

·        Radiations emitted: Properties; energy deposition in matter; penetrabilities; range; LET; HVL.

·        Detection and measurement: Units (counts, r, rad, rem); controlling exposure (time. distance, shielding); detectors ( G.M., ion chamber, film, scintillation)

·        Demonstration: G.M. detection of high and low energy, beta and gamma radiation.

 III.  Gamma camera (Twardock)

·        Basic components and how it works: Operation, Pulse height analysis, energy windows, collimators, spatial resolution, sensitivity and efficiency.

·       camera suspension systems age display and processing;  Formatters, computers

·        Quality control; camera artifacts.

10:00     BREAK

10:15     Lab: Small group assignments.

Groups 1 & 2

1 . Radiopharmaceutical labeling and handling, record keeping ( NucMed, Hot Lab)

2.  Bone scanning:  Immediate blood flow and pooling. (NucMed, imaging room)

10:50     Groups Switch

Groups 3 & 4

3   Radiation survey meters, laboratory monitoring (B-Barn)

4.  Introductory film reading. (Widener conference room)

11:30     LUNCH (NBC cafeteria)

12:30     Lab. Small group Assignments

Groups 1 & 2   

1.  Bone scanning: bone phase. (NucMed, Imaging room)

2.  Gamma camera and quality control. (NucMed Imaging room)

Groups 3 & 4

3.  Introductory film reading.( Widener conference room)

4.  Computer acquisition and processing

1:55       BREAK

2:10       IV.  Bone Scanning (Ross) (Woerner Amphitheater)

·        Radiopharmaceutical localization

·        Procedure for conducting the three phase bone scan.

·        Normal radiopharmaceutial distribution in the equine bone scan

·        Musculoskeletal diseases detected

·        Artifacts

V.  Lung Scanning (Twardock)

·        Procedure: perfusion, inhalation

·        Image interpretation, artifacts

4:15       BREAK

4:30       VI.  The Decision Tree. To scan or not to scan?

6:00       Pizza-

6:45       Selected case studies. (                )


7:30am             Pick up at Hilton

7:30-8:00           Coffee and Donuts (Woerner)

8:00       VII.  Other equine Nuclear Medicine Procedures (Twardock,


9:00       VIII.  Gamma camera systems ( Bugutski, Molnar)

10:00     BREAK

10:15     Lab: repeat yesterday’s schedule, switching groups.

11:30     LUNCH

12:30     Lab: repeat yesaterday’s schedule, switching groups

2:00       BREAK

2:15       IX.  Factors to consider in setting up an equine nuclear

medicine facility. (Allen)

3:45       BREAK

4:00       Film reading and Case studies

6:00       Cookout at The Allam House New Bolton Center


Course outline subject to change.
Course Sponsor  Diagnosix Plus, Inc. Please visit them at:



Copyright © 2001 University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Michael W. Ross
Technologist: Vivian S. Stacy CNMT
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