bnnormal.gif (9863 bytes)

Webster's New World dictionary, Second College Edition, describes NORMAL as "conforming with or constituting an accepted standard, model, or pattern; esp., corresponding to the median or average of a large group in type, appearance, achievement, function and development, etc.; natural; usual; standard;.... Also described by Webster is TYPICAL;  "serving as a type; symbolic. Having or showing the characteristics, qualities, etc. of a kind, class, or group so fully as to be a representative example....."

The following images are typical of their group.  The findings were normal when correlated with the clinical evaluations. These examples display typical patterns seen repeatedly within each group.

The normal appearance of a bone scan changes notably from the foal to the adult horse.  The most apparent feature being the pronounced uptake in the growth centers.  The degree of uptake is relative to metabolic activity. In the normal adult, the activity in these areas resolves almost equally to the surrounding bone.  The larger more compact or dense bones and the ends of long bones continue to exhibit greater uptake than the diaphyses.  The urinary bladder and the kidneys are normally visualized as well as a halo of soft tissue surrounding the entire skeleton.

nmlateral.gif (5365 bytes)
navnml.gif (30561 bytes) lateralnml.gif (69031 bytes)



nmcranial.gif (5508 bytes)




cranialview.gif (53788 bytes)


nmcaudal.gif (5665 bytes) caudalview.gif (62168 bytes)

nmpelvis.gif (4351 bytes) pelvis.gif (80433 bytes)

nmcspine.gif (6491 bytes) normcspine.gif (43460 bytes)

nmyearling.gif (3684 bytes)
yearling.gif (61403 bytes)

nm2yo.gif (4015 bytes)
norm2yod.gif (68217 bytes)


nm3yo.gif (5154 bytes)
norm3yod.gif (73453 bytes)

nm5yo.gif (4859 bytes)

norm55yo.gif (189321 bytes)

nm10yo.gif (5420 bytes)
norm10yo.gif (69312 bytes)


navskull.gif (2320 bytes) normskull.gif (123609 bytes)
bthome.gif (3299 bytes) btblank.gif (3073 bytes)



Copyright 2001 University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Michael W. Ross
Technologist: Vivian S. Stacy CNMT
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