Holstein or Holstein-Friesian
The Holstein is the most prevalent breed in the
United States. Its origin was in the Netherlands in the province
of North Holland and West Friesland, an area noted for excellent
pastures. The breed was not forced to develop good grazing
abilities during its early stages. Milk was used for cheese, so
selection for animals with large volumes of milk was important.
The black and white cattle (red and white Holsteins also exist) are
still noted for production of large volumes of milk with the lowest
milkfat - a trait that is desirable in today's milk market.