The Ayrshire breed was developed in the county of
Ayr in southwestern Scotland. This area is cold and damp with
relatively little forage available. Hence, animals were selected
for hardiness and excellent grazing ability. The color pattern of
the Ayrshire breed varies from red and white to mahogany and
white. The breed is more nervous than other dairy breeds.
Early breeders were noted for careful selection in type, udder, and
smooth, clean "dairy type" bodies.